Article 45 of the Indian Constitution mandated the State to endeavor to provide, within a period of 10 years from the commencement of the Constitution, free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of 14 years.
By the 86th Amendment Act 2002, Article 21A of the Constitution was inserted declaring that right to education for all children from the age of 6 -14 is the fundamental right.
Elementary Education refers to the first phase of compulsory education that children obtain from the age of 6 to 14 years. It provides students the basic understanding of various subjects and develops critical thinking skills which they require throughout their lives.
In 2009 Parliament enacted the Right of Children to free and compulsory Education Act 2009 (Act 35 of 2009) with the object of free and compulsory education to all the children from the age of 6 - 14 years.
In order to implement the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 and to achieve the educational goals through Elementary Education, the Government of Tamil Nadu is taken lot of initiatives and introduced various welfare measures..
In order to achieve universal Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) by 2025, Ennum Ezhutthum mission will be launched in Tamil Nadu. The goal of the mission is to improve basic literacy and numeracy among children studying in Classes 1 – 3, and to ensure that every child attains the fundamental skills of reading, writing and doing basic arithmetic. It primarily focuses on capacity building of teachers and provision of teacher resource material and level based student learning material. A robust monitoring mechanism is also being put in place to track the performance of each and every child. In this year (2019 -2020), an amount of Rs.66.70 crore has been earmarked for this mission.
Scope: To provide easy access to school for every child of the age 3+ to 9+ in a neighbourhood area for elementary education
Beneficiaries: Registered Trust / Society
Whom to apply: Block Educational Officer concerned
For more information on the eligibility criteria, documents required, and grievance redressal Click here.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 is being implemented in the State of Tamil Nadu with full attention. In accordance with section 12 (1) (c) of the RTE Act, 2009, clear guidelines for effecting implementation of 25% reservation for students belonging to disadvantaged group and weaker section in all private non-minority self-financing schools at entry level viz. LKG/ Standard 1, have been issued.
The application for admission under 25% reservation has been made online from the academic year 2017-18. This facility will enable the parents to apply online for admission and the schools would be under obligation to grant admission, if eligible. Arrangements have also been made to facilitate parents to apply online in all the Educational Offices at Block and District level, free of cost. If eligible applications are more than the intake capacity of the school, lots are drawn in the presence of applicants / parents.
Eligible applications received from priority category viz. a child who is an orphan or affected with HIV, transgender, a child of a scavenger and differently abled are considered first and admission is given before the process of lots is taken up. 76,927 children belonging to disadvantaged group and weaker section were admitted during the year 2019-20.
Essential documents for application
Under RTE Act 1,65,445 children students are admitted in 4,748 schools and a provision of Rs.109.00 crore has been made for this purpose in academic year of 2019 – 20.
To strengthen the Value Education in primary schools, the School Education Department has developed the Tamil Nadu Innovative Initiatives (TANII) to establish story corners across the primary schools of the state. At the state level the initiative began with the 3 day orientation workshop.
Cost free School bags are being provided to all the students of Classes 1-8 in all the Government and Government Aided Schools. About 29.58 lakh students of Classes 1-8 have benefitted in the academic year 2019-20. A sum of Rs.37.93 crore has been allocated.
Cost free Textbooks are provided to all the students of Classes 1 – 8 in all the Government and Government Aided Schools. These textbooks are distributed to the students on the reopening day of every term. About 30.44 lakh students of Classes 1 – 8 have benefitted in the academic year 2019-20. A sum of Rs.100.25 crore