Department of School Education

Government of Tamil Nadu

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History

History

Overview

Great Tamil Savant Thiruvalluvar in his incomparable work "Thirukkural" has observed as follows which is as relevant today as it was in the past.

எண்ணென்ப ஏனை எழுத்தென்ப இவ்விரண்டும்

கண்ணென்ப வாழும் உயிர்க்கு..

--Thirukkural



School Education in Tamil Nadu - A Brief History

Education has been an integral part of Tamil society since time immemorial. The rich Sangam literature of the 2nd Century is a testimony to the same. The state’s system of indigenous education is held in high regard and documented by multiple historians for its curriculum and pedagogic strategies including but not limited to peer learning, use of memory as a modality of learning, problem solving through creation of riddles. The Survey of Indigenous Education in the Madras Presidency 1822-26, is one such documentation of Tamil Nadu’s indegenous system of education.

Till 1813, the East India Company did not recognize the promotion of education among the natives of India. The Governor of Madras Province, Sir Thomas Munro, formalized and institutionalized the system of education by establishing the Board of Public Instruction in 1826. The first set of grants for aided schools was issued in 1855, and by 1881, a considerable portion of indigenous institutions became aided. The rules and regulations designed by the Province to provide financial aid significantly altered the nature of curriculum, pedagogy, teaching learning material, and role of teachers that were unique to the indegenous schools and the larger community.

Under the Local Boards Act 1871, Local Boards were constituted and empowered to open schools and get subsidies from the government. The Madras Elementary Education Act, 1920 enabled the local bodies to levy an educational cess on land or property tax for advancement of elementary education







E-Library Archival Resources

Year Title
1911

Elementary Education Bill: Honourable Mr Gopal Krishna Gokhale speech and the Debate thereon

1911

Elementary education bill by Mr. Gokhale

1914

Indian Education in 1913-14

1915

Indian Education in 1914-15

1918

Indian Education in 1917-18

1920

Problem of national education in India

1922

Report of the Committee appointed by the Government of Bombay to consider and report on the question of the introduction of free and compulsory primary education into the Bombay presidency

1923

Indian Education in 1922-23

1924

Board of education: Report of Consultative Committee on Psychological Tests of Educable Capacity and their possible use in the Public System of Education ?

1925

Report of the Educational Work by the Arya Samaj in India

1926

Report on public instruction in the Madras Presidency for 1922-23, Vol. I

1926

Report of the education Commission, 1926 2. Report on education department for the year, 1925

1928

Report on public instruction in the Madras Presidency for the year 1926-27 and for the Quinquennium 1921-22 to 1926-27

1929

Report on public instruction 1927-29

1929

Report of the committee on physical education in secondary schools, madras presidency: Government order No. 111 15th January 1929

1935

Present day problems of Indian education: With special reference to Muslim education

1936

Report on public instruction of the Madras presidency for the year 1935-1936. Vol. I

1937

Report on the Vernacular EducationCommittee of the Central Advisory Board of Educationappointed to consider certain questions connected with the administration and control of Primary Education ?

1937

Government Order No. 1398, 26th June 1937: Education-Secondary and elementary-policy-press communiqué-issued

1939

Report of the Committee of the Central Advisory Board of Education appointed to consider the Wardha Education Scheme, 1939

1940

Report of the Seconds Wardha Education Committee of the Central Advisory Boiard of Education,1939 together with the secisions of the Board thereon. Appendix IV: The proceedings of the 5th Meething of the central advisory board of education in India held in May, 1940

1944

Post-war educational development in India: Report by the central advisory board of education, January 1944

1946

Reports of the committees appointed by the Central Advisory Board of Education in India (1943-46)

1947

Test Title



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