Department of School Education

Government of Tamil Nadu

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NFAE

Directorate of Non-Formal and Adult Education

16,779*
Literacy centers

3,61,492*
Learners

16,808*
Volunteers

About

Education is the basis of economic and cultural development of a state. The people living in rural areas form majority of the population of the state. One of the factors for social development of the State is to improve the percentage of literacy among rural masses. In this context, Government of Tamil Nadu has provided specific financial allocation for implementing projects and welfare schemes to increase the percentage of literacy in the State.
To achieve the above goal and to eradicate illiteracy in the State of Tamil Nadu, the Directorate of Non-Formal and Adult Education was formed in the year 1976. The target group for providing literacy is adult illiterates in the age group of 15 years and above.
*The figures represent the total number of centers, learners, and volunteers across the three programs- Spl. Literacy Prog. for Prisoners 2019-20, Spl. Literacy Prog. In the Aspirational Districts 2019-21, Karpom Ezhuthuvom Iyakkam 2020-21, respectively. Refer to the Programs section for specific program related information.

Objectives
Programmes

A Series of Adult literacy programmes such as Rural Functional Literacy(1978-83), State Adult Education Programme(1980-82) for the adults in the age group of 15-25 years, Non-Formal Education (1978-79) for school dropouts in the age group of 6 to 14 years, Mass Programme of Functional Literacy(1986-90) for the adults in the age group of 15-35 years, Total Literacy Campaign(1991-95), Post Literacy and Continuing Education Campaign (1996-2007), Karkum Bharatham(2009-17) for illiterate adults in the age group of 15 years and above, Equivalency Education Programme(2016-17) at Level A (Equivalent to III standard) for neo-lietrates in the age group of 15 years and above, Special Literacy for Prisoners(2019-20), and Karpom Ezhuthuvom Iyakkam(2020-21) for the illiterate adults in the age group of 15 years and above have been successfully implemented through this Directorate for sustaining the momentum gained (since its inception) to make neo-literates retain the acquired skills and pursue learning all through their lives. The details of recently completed and ongoing schemes are listed below.

1. Special Adult Literacy Programme for the Prisoners (2019-20)

In Tamilnadu state, Special Literacy Programme for the Prisoners was successfully implemented with the 100% fund support from the state Government in the 8 Central Prisons of Thiruvallur, Cuddalore, Vellore, Salem, Trichy, Madurai, Thirunelveli and Coimbatore and district Prison of Pudukkotai district in co-ordination with the Department of Prison at a cost of Rs.14.60 lakh.  A number of 1844 Prisoners have been benefited and attained their basic literacy under this special literacy programme whereas the target of this programme was only 757 Prisoners.

2. Karpom Ezhuthuvom Iyakkam (Padhna Likhna Abhiyan) (2020-21)

As per the Census 2011 data, a new adult literacy programme, Karpom Ezhuthuvom Iyakkam (Padhna Likhna Abhiyan) successfully implemented in all the districts of the state with the 60:40 fund sharing pattern between Union and State Governments respectively.  The prime aim of the programme is to provide Basic Literacy to 3.10 lakh adult illiterates in the age group of 15 years and above.  

New Primer and Volunteer Teacher Guide books have also been developed in co-ordination with TNSCERT and Contents of Learner’s primers linked with QR code for the first time in India. Moreover, Audio-Visual contents were telecasted through Kalvi Tholaikatchi for the benefit of the learners identified under the basic literacy programmes in the state. Teaching and Learning processes have been carried out by the noble service of Volunteer Teachers through 15,823 literacy centers. Awarness song on Adult Education

 

It is noteworthy that Tamil Nadu has achieved 100% target under the Karpom Ezhuthuvom Iyakkam across the country. 3.19 lakh learners have benefited and attained basic literacy through Karpom Ezhuthuvom Iyakkam whereas the target for this scheme was only 3.10 lakh.

Special Adult Literacy Programme in the Aspirational Districts 

In Tamilnadu, Special Literacy Programme is being implemented with 100% fund support from the State Government in the Aspirational districts viz, Ramanathapuram and Virudhunagar at an estimated budget of Rs.6.23 Crore.  Target of the scheme is 1,68,716 illiterate adults in the age group of 15 years and above. Of them, 40,288 learners have been benefited and attained basic literacy through the first batch of this scheme and it is planned to provide basic literacy to the remaining learners before the end of year 2022. 

Total Literacy Movement (2021)

As per the valuable guidance of the Hon’ble Minister for School Education and as a special initiative under Karpom Ezhuthuvom Iyakkam, Total Literacy Movement (TLM) is being implemented in Manikandam Block of Trichirappalli district on pilot basis.  The prime aim of this movement is to make Manikandam block as “Illiteracy Free Block” by providing quality Basic Literacy Education to the illiterate adults in the said block.  Total Literacy Movement (TLM) was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Minister for School Education on 20.07.2021.

A Door-to-Door survey conducted with the help of Primary and Middle school HMs, Teachers and Local Body representatives to identify illiterate adults. So far, a number of 7000 adults identified as illiterates under this special initiative.   Each one – Catch one – Teach one methodology is being adapted by utilising the volunteers to drive the Total Literacy Movement.



In the Spotlight

Useful Links continuing education:
TN SCERT – YouTube -https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7GbVKqHPXww1acL1x9DNQw
Tamilnadu Skill Development: https://www.tnskill.tn.gov.in
Swayam: https://swayam.gov.in
NIOS, New Delhi : https://www.nios.ac.in
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